Become a Justice of the Peace in Connecticut

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The good news about becoming a JP in Connecticut is that there are no special requirements, no exams to take or fees to pay. Many people become a JP because they want to perform marriage ceremonies. They join the Justice of the Peace Association to receive professional development, network with other JPs, and get their profile listed on findaJP.com, where couples go to find their perfect officiant.

How the Process WorksPeople to Talk To If you Belong to a Political PartyIf You are Unaffiliated

The Process

The state of Connecticut regulates the activities of JPs and determines how many are allocated for each town, depending on population. Each of the169 towns and cities control the selection process. One-third of the total number are selected by the Republicans and one-third by the Democrats; the remaining one-third go to those who are members of minor parties or politically unaffiliated.

Each political party writes its own rules about who gets appointed and how. Independents simply apply to the Town Clerk. JPs serve for four years, in phase with presidential elections, and take office on January 1. The year 2024  is thus an “election” year for JPs as well as for U.S. president.

If you’re considering becoming a JP, here are some things to do to help you decide and make it happen.

Talk to the Town Clerk

Talk with your Town Clerk about the role. Check out the state’s Justice of the Peace Manual, too. It’s available online.

Talk to a JP

Find a JP or two in your town to talk to, preferably those registered in the same political party as you (or non-affiliated). When you talk to the JPs, find out what it’s like to be one. What do they really do? How much do they get paid for their services? Don’t be afraid to ask those personal questions that will help you to decide whether you want to go ahead with the process. If they’re political appointees, they can also give you hints about that aspect of the process.

Talk to the Chair of your Political Party

The Town Clerk has the names and phone numbers of the Chairpersons of the political parties in your town. When you call the party Chair, you’ll be asked if you’re a member of that party, and perhaps about your past service or contributions to the party. Be sure you can state in a couple of sentences why you want to be a JP. The Chair will probably ask you to submit a letter outlining your reasons for becoming a JP and your qualifications. When you do, be sure to follow up and see if there is anything else you can do to bolster your chances. Becoming active in local politics will surely help your cause. Ask the Chair about the criteria used for selecting JPs. Ask if all the slots are currently filled. If they are, ask what plans exist for replacing JPs who move away or pass away. This could get you selected much sooner than waiting for the next election.

If you’re politically unaffiliated or belong to a minor party, you must apply in a presidential election year (2020).

Make sure you are not registered with one of the major political parties during the period beginning three months before August 1 and ending on the date of the appointment. Apply to the Town Clerk between August 1 and November 1. In many towns, Unaffiliated slots remain unfilled because there are not enough applicants. However, if there are more applications than slots, the Town Clerk must run a lottery with all applicants entered. You take your chances, but you won’t have to write any letters or please anyone. If a vacancy in the Unaffiliated slots occurs during the 4-year term, it will be filled in the order the applicants’ names were drawn in the original lottery. Only persons on that list may be appointed to fill vacancies in these non-major party Justice positions. Even if there was no lottery or if all persons on the list have already been appointed, no additional Justices may be appointed to fill non-major party vacancies.

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